The cultural revival of Munich can be up to 16. Century be traced. Many impressive monuments, which now adorn the streets of the city, are products of this period. Thanks to some rulers, the high value placed on the development of the city, experienced it mainly supported by the ideas of the Enlightenment an inner development, which is slowly but surely spreading in Europe. This trend attracted many people to the city. Between 1500 and 1800 almost tripled the population, reaching just under 40.000 population.
Between the 16. and 18. century – Insight into the culture
If we the 16. View century Munich closer, we see, that at that time the foundations of the Bavarian State Orchestra have been placed. Numerous successful composers such as Orlando di Lasso or Andrea Bernasconi would later take over the management of the orchestra. The cornerstones of the Alte Pinakothek were formed with the Art Gallery of William IV. In addition, the Bavarian State Library was founded, the construction of the residence started courtyard and opened the Hofbräuhaus, which was to revive the production of Munich's beer. This step should in the long term Birth of the Oktoberfest tradition his, the number of visitors from all over the world welcomes.
In the following century the first opera house was added in the cityscape. The construction of the Nymphenburg Castle and apartment buildings for new arrivals were commanded by the Court.
Im 18. Century was mainly invested in infrastructure. sewer construction, Street lighting and house numbers were introduced. Furthermore, the Bavarian Academy of Sciences was established, completed the Residence Theater and the coffee house Tambosi open. Only recently it was renovated, to continue oldest coffee Munich to welcome guests. All of these innovations in the city increased not only the number of inhabitants, but attracted many famous faces in history to Munich. Two of the interessantesten names are Casanova and Mozart, However, the Munich failed to gain a foothold.
Casanova and Mozart
Giacomo Casanova - Venetian writer and man about his age - was staggered in 1756 such as 1761 to Munich, Based on what we know of his memoirs. The restless travelers, who was known for his love of card games as well as women, seduced often rich ladies, that they paid his gambling debts. But this tactic did not seem to be working in Munich. Both times he lost his money at the gaming table and left the city as a poor man.
Another traveler was by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The composer had two successful premieres in year 1774 with his opera buffa La Finta Giardiniera and in 1780 with his opera seria Idomene in Munich, which were composed on behalf of electors. unsatisfactory performances, lack of interest of the Salzburg audience and disputes with the Archbishop forced Mozart often results, to seek alternative employment outside Salzburg. to find his hopes a job in Munich, however, were rejected twice, so that he had to return to Salzburg. to earn his livelihood Finally he decided in Vienna as a freelance composer.
If you walk through the streets of Munich, one meets still on the buildings today, between the 16. And 18. century, before the Kingdom of Bavaria was proclaimed, have been built. Many other traditions, which are part of the Munich identity today, have their roots in this period of cultural improvements. It is worthwhile to take a look into the depths of history. Many small stories of the past help to better understand the city's inhabitants and visitors.